Speaking to reporters at the Arab League in Cairo on Thursday, the former UN secretary-general said the solution to the worsening conflict “lies in political settlement” and must be “Syrian-led and Syrian-owned”.
He said military intervention had made matters worse in other regional conflicts, though he didn’t mention any by name.
“I hope no one is thinking seriously of using force in this situation,” Annan said. “As I move to Syria, we will do whatever we can to urge and press for a cessation of hostilities and end to the killing and violence.”
Annan is set to arrive in Damascus and begin negotiations with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad‘s government on Sunday.
Al Jazeera’s Rawya Rageh, reporting from Cairo, said clear divisions remained among Arab League countries, some of whom support armed intervention.
“Some have a hawkish stand, Saudi Arabia or perhaps even Qatar, when it comes to arming the Syrian opposition,” Rageh said. “If you arm the opposition … you exacerbate the possibility of an all-out civil war and the biggest risk, of turning Syria into a proxy battlefield for wars in the region.”
The United Nations estimates that at least 7,500 people have died since protests first broke out a year ago. The regime responded brutally, enlisting paramilitary militias to attack demonstrators and assaulting opposition neighbourhoods with tanks and artillery. Civilians took up arms and joined with defected soldiers to form rebel units that are now engaged in guerilla warfare with the government.
Valerie Amos, the United Nations’ humanitarian chief, said she was “struck” by the devastation she saw during a visit to the shattered city of Homs on Wednesday. Amos was allowed access to the former rebel district of Bab Amr after the Free Syrian Army withdrew in the face of a nearly month-long artillery barrage and a major government ground assault.
Amos told reporters in Damascus on Thursday that Bab Amr is “completely destroyed” and that most of its residents were gone. She was the first independent observer allowed into the neighbourhood since government forces entered on March 1. The army prevented aid convoys associated with the International Committee of the Red Cross from entering for more than three days.
“The devastation there is significant, that part of Homs is completely destroyed and I am concerned to know what has happened to the people who live in that part of the city,” Amos said.
John Ging, an official in the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance, said the United Nations was preparing a plan to deliver food to 1.5 million people as part of a three-month plan worth $105 million.
Al Jazeera and agencies
- China: Chinese envoy to press Syria for cease-fire (ikners.com)
- UN envoy visits battered Homs district Valerie Amos in Syria for talks aimed at securing access to deliver supplies and evacuate wounded from devastated areas. (ikners.com)
- Annan to exert pressure on Syria as official defects (thehimalayantimes.com)
- Diary of a genocide: 62 more killed in Syria as crackdown intensifies (theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com)
- Kofi Annan urges end to Syria violence (independent.co.uk)
- Syrian deputy oil minister defects in rejection of Assad’s ‘brutal campaign’ (news.nationalpost.com)
- To resolve Syria, send Annan to Moscow (globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com)
- Syria – to break the downward spiral (theromangate.wordpress.com)
- Selling Syria peace deal a long shot for Kofi Annan – The National (thenational.ae)
- Kofi Annan to be Syria crisis envoy (alternet.org)
- Syria presses assaults ahead of Annan peace bid (vancouversun.com)